The always amazing Hoefler & Frere-Jones designed a package of 15 different number typefaces.
From their site:
For more than a century, typefounders considered numbers separately from the provision of other printing types. Nineteenth century type specimen books often displayed a separate section containing fonts of numbers alone, many of which contained unique features suited to specific kinds of settings. Fonts for tables contained digits designed to a standard width, so that columns would neatly align; those created for calendars contained forms such as "24/31" to accommodate orphan Sundays. The practice of creating specialized number fonts began to disappear at the beginning of the twentieth century, vanishing completely by the dawn of the digital age. But recognizing the usefulness of this practice, H&FJ has revived the tradition with its Numbers series of fonts.The fonts in the Numbers series take their inspiration not from the history of printing types, but from other kinds of numbering familiar from the modern environment.
Included in the set are: Bayside modeled after ornamental house numbers, Claimcheck inspired by ticket stubs, Delancey from tenement doorways, Depot from vintage railcars, Deuce based on playing cards, Dividend from an antique check writer, Greenback based on U. S. currency, Indicia inspired by rubber stamps, Premium after vintage gas pumps, Prospekt based on Soviet house numbers, Redbird inspired by New York subways, Revenue from cash register receipts, Strasse after European enamel signs, Trafalgar inspired by British monuments, and Valuta after Hungarian banknotes.